ETTINGER, family noted for its scholars and community leaders, originally from oettingen , Bavaria, from which the name derives. It is probably related to families named Oettingen or Ettingen: members of its East European branch were prominent in Jewish life in modern times. First of note was Ḥayyim Judah Leib Ettinger who in 1717 moved from Holesov (Holleschau), Moravia, to head a yeshivah in Lemberg, Poland. His brother, JOSEPH, served as a preacher in Glogau, Silesia, and wrote commentaries on the Torah, Edut bi-Yehosef (Sulz bach, 1741). Ḥayyim's son AARON (1720–1769), rabbi in Jaworow and Rzeszow, fought the spread of Ḥasidism in Galicia. Well-known in the 19th century were Mordecai Ze'ev Ettinger and his brother-in-law, joseph saul ha-levi nathanson . Mordecai's son, Isaac Aaron Ettinger (1827–1891), served as rabbi in Przemysl and Lemberg. With BARUCH MORDECAI, rabbi of bobruisk in belorussia for about 50 years until he settled in Ereẓ Israel in 1851, the family assumed a leading position in chabad ḥasidic circles; Baruch Mordecai was a close disciple of shneur zalman of Lyady. In the 20th century many members of the family, such as akiva ettinger , took a prominent part in the economic and cultural life of East European Jewry and Ereẓ Israel. SAMUEL ETTINGER (1919–1988), who was born in Kiev, became professor of Jewish history at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He wrote Toledot Yisrael ba-Et ha-Ḥadashah ("Jewish History in Modern Times," 1970) and edited a volume of essays by H. Graetz in Hebrew (Darkhei ha-Historiyah ha-Yehudit, 1969). -BIBLIOGRAPHY S. Buber, Anshei Shem (1895), 25, 67–69, 123–4, 151–2; Ch. N. Dembitzer, Kelilat Yofi, 1 (1960), 116–27, 146–9; J. Slutzky (ed.), Sefer Bobruisk (1967), 269. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Devarim le-Zikhroh shel Shemuel Ettinger," in: Zion, 53:4 (1988), 423–40. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ettinger — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Amber Lee Ettinger (*1983) US amerikanische Schauspielerin Bracha Ettinger (* 1948), israelische Künstlerin, Malerin, Fotografin, Theoretikerin und Psychoanalytikerin Carl Wilhelm Ettinger (1741−1804),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ettinger — is a surname and may refer to:* Amber Lee Ettinger (born 1982), American actress and model * Amos Ettinger * Esther Ettinger * Bracha L. Ettinger * Cynthia Ettinger, American actress * Dan Ettinger * Robert Ettinger (born 1918), also known as the …   Wikipedia

  • Ettinger —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Amber Lee Ettinger (1982 ), mannequin, actrice et célébrité américaine d internet ; Asher Ettinger, compositeur de musique de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ETTINGER, AKIVA JACOB — (1872–1945), agricultural expert; founder and administrator of Jewish settlements in Ereẓ Israel. Ettinger, born in Vitebsk, Belorussia, came from a distinguished family (his mother was descended from R. Akiva eger ). He studied agriculture at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ETTINGER, SOLOMON — (Shloyme; 1803–1856), Yiddish poet and dramatist. Born in Warsaw, orphaned, and then raised in Leczna by his paternal uncle, Ettinger moved to Zamosc after marrying Golda, the daughter of magnate Judah Leib Wolf, where he was influenced by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ETTINGER, SHMUEL — (1919–1988), Israeli historian. Born in Kiev, U.S.S.R., Ettinger immigrated to Ereẓ Israel in 1936 and studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he received his doctorate in 1956 for his study The Jewish Colonization of the Ukraine,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ETTINGER, MORDECAI ZE'EV BEN ISAAC AARON SEGAL — (1804–1863), Polish rabbinical scholar, and scion of a long line of rabbis (see ettinger family). He studied under Naphtali Hirsch Sohastov, rabbi of Lemberg, and under his own uncle, jacob ornstein . Although renowned for his great scholarship,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ettinger, Akiva Jacob — (1872–1945)    Palestine agronomist. Russian born Ettinger studied agriculture, first at St Petersburg and then in Bonn. From 1898 he worked for ICA (Jewish Colonization Association) in southern Russia, and later as an adviser on Jewish… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Ettinger — Herkunftsname zu den Ortsnamen Etting (Bayern), Ettingen (Baden Württemberg), Öttingen (Bayern) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Ettinger, Akiva Yaakov — (1872 1945)    Zionist leader of Belorussian origin. He went to London as an adviser on settlement matters during the negotia tions over the Balfour Declaration. He settled in Palestine in 1918 and served as director of the agricultural… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”